STD/Infection ScreeningConcerned that you may have symptoms of a sexually transmitted disease/infection? We can help. Schedule a testing with our Dallas OBGYN or Mesquite OBGYN offices to catch any possible infection now.
Concerned you might have a sexually transmitted infection? Let our Dallas OBGYN or Mesquite OBGYN offices help you know the truth by scheduling a screening and follow up appointments.
Would I know if I had an STD?
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also called sexually transmitted infections (STIs), affect people of all ages, backgrounds, and from all walks of life. In the U.S. alone there are approximately 20 million new cases each year, half of which occur among youth ages 15-24 years.
What are the most common STDs?
Here are facts about common STDs according to a 2018 STD Report by the CDC:
Chlamydia STD Facts
1.8 million cases;
19% increase since 2014
Gonorrhea STD Facts
63% increase since 2014
Primary and Secondary Syphilis STD Facts
71% increase since 2014
Congenital Syphilis STD Facts
185% increase since 2014
While anyone who is sexually active is at risk for getting an STD, women, youth and people of color are more likely to become infected. They can also face more serious medical complications. Getting the facts about STDs/STIs and sexual health is important.
Types of STD’s
Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria that infects your cervix or urethra. You may not have any symptoms, or you may have vaginal discharge, bleeding after intercourse, or frequent urination. If untreated, it can cause pelvic infections that can lead to infertility. If you are pregnant, chlamydia is associated with preterm birth and can cause eye or lung infections in your baby. It is treatable with antibiotics. Your partner must be treated as well.
Gonorrhea is caused by a bacteria that infects your cervix or urethra. You may have vaginal discharge, frequent urination, or you may have no symptoms. It can cause throat and skin infections in women and if untreated, can cause serious pelvic infections and infertility. It can also cause pregnancy complications like preterm birth and eye or throat infections in the baby. It is treated with antibiotics; it is important that your partner is treated as well.
Genital herpes is caused by a virus, either HSV 1 or HSV 2. It causes intermittent blisters and sores, which can vary from barely noticeable to very painful. You cannot cure the virus, but you can treat with antiviral medications to shorten or suppress herpes outbreaks. You should tell your partner if you have herpes.
Trichomonas is caused by a parasite that infects the vagina and cervix. It usually causes vaginal discharge and irritation, but you may have no symptoms. It is treatable with an antibiotic. It is important that your partner receives treatment as well.
Syphilis is caused by a bacteria that infects the skin of the vulva in its primary stage, causing a painless sore. If untreated, the sore will resolve but the bacteria will spread to the blood and can affect the skin, brain, heart, or many other organs in its secondary and tertiary stages. It can cause serious pregnancy complications. Syphilis is treatable with antibiotics.
HIV is a virus that infects your white blood cells. It usually causes flu-like symptoms but can by asymptomatic. It weakens your immune system and can cause serious complications like AIDS. There are medicines to control the HIV virus and decrease its levels in your blood. Everyone should be screened at least once for HIV.
HPV is a virus; there are high risk and low risk types of HPV. High risk HPV is sexually transmitted. It infects the cervix and causes abnormal pap smears. It can eventually cause cervical cancer. Low risk HPV types cause genital warts. Your immune system can sometimes clear the HPV virus if you are healthy, avoid smoking, and eat a healthy diet. You should tell your partner if you have HPV.
How do STD’s spread?
How do STD’s start? STD’s usually begin and are spread through sex—vaginal, oral or anal. STD’s can be spread through any type of sex: from a male to a female, a female to a male, a male to another male or a female to another female. Some STD’s can be spread through any contact between the penis, vagina, mouth or anus – even if there is no penetration. For example, genital herpes is spread through direct skin-to-skin contact, and can be transmitted even if there is no penetration. Some STD’s can be spread in other ways also. For example, HIV and hepatitis B are also spread through sharing needles for injecting drugs or medicines.
Other common questions about STD’s. Contact our offices to schedule an appointment to learn more.
How does the first person get an STD?
What are the causes of an STD in females?
What are common STD symptoms?
Can STD’s be cured?
When do symptoms of STD’s start?
Types of sexually transmitted diseases
How can I protect myself from STDs?
There are lots of ways to reduce your risk of getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Of course, the best way to avoid STDs and unwanted pregnancy is not to have sex. For those who do choose to become sexually active, though, there are ways you can help reduce your risk of contracting an STD.
Talk with your partner(s) about STDs, sexual health, and prevention prior to sexual activity. Open communication encourages trust and respect among partners and helps reduce the risks for STDs. Also, don’t be afraid to talk honestly with your healthcare provider about your sexual practices or to ask about STD tests.
Condoms work really well in stopping most STDs from being passed from an infected partner to another when they are used consistently and correctly every time a person has oral, vaginal or anal sex. Consistently and correctly means that a person makes sure they use a condom every time they have oral, vaginal or anal sex and put it on and use it the right way.
Learn More About Vaccines
Limit Number of Partners
Avoid Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Most people think they would know if they had a sexually transmitted infection (STI) but unfortunately that is not always true.
The truth is many of STIs have no signs or symptoms in the majority of people infected. Or they have mild signs that can be easily overlooked. This is why the term “disease” (as in STD) is starting to be replaced by infection (or STI).
The only way to know if you have an STI is to get tested.
How Do STI Tests Work?
Getting tested can be quick and easy. Depending on what you are being tested for, we may take a blood sample, a swab, or ask you to pee in a cup. Easy! Keep reading to get an idea of what to expect:
Swab of genital area or urine sample For chlamydia and gonorrhea: If you have had oral or anal sex, let your healthcare provider know this also. These sites may be infected, but vaginal or urine samples may not be positive
Swab of genital area or urine sample
Blood test or swab from inside of mouthConfidential and anonymous testing options are available in many clinics
Blood test, or sample taken from a soreThe CDC recommends all pregnant women be tested for syphilis.
Swab of infected area, physical exam or sample of discharge“Trich” is harder to detect in men than in women.